Williams, R.G. and M.J. Follows. Ocean Dynamics and the Carbon Cycle. Cambridge University Press, 2011.

The book presents an inter-disciplinary view of ocean circulation and its role in shaping marine biogeochemical cycles, in particular the ocean carbon cycle and its relationship to atmospheric carbon dioxide. Background chapters on ocean physics, chemistry and biology provide basic tools with which to examine the range of large-scale physical and biogeochemical phenomena and patterns. Throughout the text, observed data is used to drive questions which are addressed with simple models. Data diagnostics and schematic illustrations summarise key results.

More information from Cambridge University Press here.

Submitted Manuscripts

Accepted and Published Papers

Weitz, J., C. Stock, S. Wilhelm, L. Bourouiba, A. Buchan, M. Coleman, M. Follows, J. Fuhrman, L. Jover, J. Lennon, D. Sonderegger, C. Suttle, B. Taylor, F. Thingstad, M. Middelboe, W. Wilson, and K.E. Wommack (2014). A multitrophic model to quantify the effects of marine viruses on microbial food webs and ecosystem processes. Accepted for publication in ISME journal.

Talmy, D., J. Blackford, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, L. Polimene, M.J. Follows, and R.J. Geider (2014) Flexible C : N ratio enhances metabolism of large phytoplankton when resource supply is intermittent. Accepted for publication in Biogeosciences.

Sauterey, B., B.A. Ward, M.J. Follows, C. Bowler and D. Claessen (2014) When everything is not everywhere but species evolve: an alternative method to model adaptive properties of marine ecosystems Accepted for publication in J. Plankton Res.

Levy, M., O. Jahn, S. Dutkiewicz and M.J. Follows (2014) Phytoplankton diversity and community structure affected by oceanic dispersal and mesoscale turbulence. Accepted for publication in Limnology and Oceanography: Fluids and Environments.

Moore, R.M., M.Kienast, M. Fraser, J.J. Cullen, C. Deutsch, S. Dutkiewicz, M.J. Follows, and C.J. Somes (2014), Extensive hydrogen supersaturations in the western South Atlantic Ocean suggest substantial underestimation of nitrogen fixation, accepted for publication in J. Geophys. Res. Oceans.

Vallina, S.M., M.J. Follows, S. Dutkiewicz, J.M. Montoya, P. Cermeno, and M.Loreau (2014) Global relationship between phytoplankton diversity and productivity in the ocean. Nature Communications, 5, doi:10.1038/ncomms5299.

Kashtan, N., S.E Roggensack, S. Rodrigue, J.W. Thompson, S.J. Biller, A. Coe, H. Ding, P. Marttinen, R. Stocker, M.J. Follows, R. Stepanauskas and S.W. Chisholm (2014) Single cell genomics reveals hundreds of coexisting subpopulations in wild Prochlorococcus. Science, 344(6182), 416-420, DOI: 10.1126/science.1248575.

Barton, A.D., B.A. Ward, R.G. Williams, and M.J. Follows, (2014) "The impact of fine-scale turbulence on phytoplankton community structure." Limnology and Oceanography: Fluids and Environments, 4, 34-49.

Clayton, S., T. Nagai and M.J. Follows (2014) Fine scale phytoplankton community structure across the Kuroshio Front. J. Plankton Res., 1-14, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbu020

Kempes, C.P., C. Okegbe, Z. Mears-Clarke, M.J. Follows, and L. Dietrich (2013) The optimal response of biofilm morphology to dual oxidant limitations. PNAS, 208-213, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1315521110.

Ito, T., and M.J. Follows (2013) Air-sea disequilibrium of carbon dioxide enhances the biological carbon sequestration in the Southern Ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 27, 1-10, doi:10.1002/2013GB004682

Ward, B., S. Dutkiewicz and M.J. Follows (2013) Modelling spatial and temporal patterns in size-structured marine phytoplankton and zooplankton communities: top-down and bottom-up controls. J. Plankton Res., 36(1), 31-47, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbt097 pdf

Vallina, S.M., B.A. Ward, S. Dutkiewicz and M.J. Follows (2013) Maximal foraging with active prey-switching: a multi- species functional response. Prog. Oceanogr. 120(1), 93-109. DOI:10.1016/j.pocean.2013.08.001.

Goebel, N.L., C.A. Edwards, M.J. Follows and J.P. Zehr (2013) Modeled diversity effects on microbial ecosystem functions of primary production, nutrient uptake and remineralization. Ecology, doi: 10.1890/13-0421.1.

Clayton, S., S. Dutkiewicz, O. Jahn and M.J. Follows (2013) Dispersal, eddies and the diversity of marine phytoplankton. Limnol. and Oceanogr.: Fluids and Environments. 3, 182-197, DOI:10.1215/21573689-2373515.

Omta, A.W., G.A.K. van Voorn, R.E.M. Rickaby and M.J. Follows (2013) On the potential role of marine calcifiers in the glacial-interglacial dynamics. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 27(3), 692- 704. DOI: 10.1002/gbc.20060.

Ward, B.A., S. Dutkiewicz, C.M. Moore and M.J. Follows (2013) Iron, phosphorus and nitrogen supply ratios define the biogeography of nitrogen fixation. Limnol. and Oceanogr., 58(6), 2013, 2059-2075 | DOI: 10.4319/lo.2013.58.6.2059.

Manizza, M., M. J. Follows, S. Dutkiewicz, D. Menemenlis, C. N. Hill, and R. M. Key (2013) Changes in the Arctic Ocean CO2 sink (1996-2007) : A regional model analysis. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, doi: 10.1002/2012GB004491

Ward, B.A., A.P. Martin, M. Schartau, A. Oschlies, M.J. Follows, and T.R. Anderson (2013) When is a biogeochemical model too complex? Objective model reduction for North Atlantic time-series sites. Prog. Oceanogr., 116, 49-65, doi:10.10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.002.

Dutkiewicz, S., J.R. Scott and M.J. Follows (2013) Winners and losers: ecological and biogeochemical changes in a warming ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 27, 463-477, doi: 10.1002/gbc.20042.

Lauderdale, J.M., A.C. Naveira Garabato, K.I.C. Oliver, M.J. Follows and R.G. Williams (2013). Wind-driven changes in Southern Ocean residual circulation, ocean carbon reservoirs and atmospheric CO2. Climate Dynamics, 41, 2145-2164.

Barton, A.D., Z.V. Finkel, B.A. Ward, D.G. Johns and M.J. Follows (2013) The roles of cell size and trophic strategy in North Atlantic diatom and dinoflagellate communities. Limnol. Oceanogr., 58(1), 2013, 254-266.

Fiksen, O., M.J. Follows and D. Aksnes (2012) A mechanistic theory of nutrient uptake from functional traits in microbes. Limnol. Oceanogr., 58(1), 2013, 193-202.

Ward, B.A., S. Dutkiewicz, O. Jahn and M.J. Follows (2012) A size structured food web model for the global ocean. Limnol. Oceanogr., 57(6), 2012, 1877-1891.

Monteiro, F. and M.J. Follows (2012) On nitrogen fixation and preferential remineralization of phosphorus. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L06607, doi:10.1029/2012GL050897

Dutkiewicz, S., B. A. Ward, F. Monteiro, and M. J. Follows (2012), Interconnection of nitrogen fixers and iron in the Pacific Ocean: Theory and numerical simulations, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 26, GB1012, doi:10.1029/2011GB004039.

Prowe, A. E. F., M. Pahlow, S. Dutkiewicz, M. Follows, and A. Oschlies (2012) Top-down control of marine phytoplankton diversity in a global ecosystem model. Progr. Oceanogr., doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2011.11.016.

Kempes, C., S. Dutkiewicz, and M.J. Follows (2011) Body size, bioenergetics, and the growth of microorganisms. PNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1115585109 link

Karsenti, E., S.G. Acinas, P. Bork, C. Bowler, C. De Vargas, J. Raes, M. Sullivan, D. Arendt, F. Benzoni, J.-M. Claverie, M. Follows, G. Gorsky, P. Hingamp, D. Iudicone, O. Jaillon, S. Kandels-Lewis, U. Krzic, F. Not, H. Ogata, S. Pesant, E.G. Reynaud, C. Sardet, M.E. Sieracki, S. Speich, D. Velayoudon, J. Weissenbach, P. Wincker (2011) A Holistic Approach to Marine Ecosystems Biology, PLoS Biology, 9(10), 1-5. link

Manizza, M., M.J. Follows, S. Dutkiewicz, D. Menemenlis, J. McClelland, C.N. Hill , B. Peterson, R. Key (2011) A model of the Arctic Ocean carbon cycle. Accepted for publication in JGR Oceans.

Ward, B., S. Dutkiewicz, A.D. Barton and M.J. Follows (2011) Biophysical aspects of mixotrophic resource acquisition and competition. The American Naturalist, 178(1), 98-112.

Monteiro, F. M., S. Dutkiewicz, and M. J. Follows (2011), Biogeographical controls on the marine nitrogen fixers, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 25, GB2003, doi:10.1029/2010GB003902. pdf

Saito, M.A., E.M. Bertrand, S. Dutkiewicz, V.V. Bulygin, D.M. Moran, F.M. Monteiro, M.J. Follows, F.W. Valois, J.B. Waterbury (2011) Iron Conservation by Reduction of Metalloenzyme Inventories in the Marine Diazotroph Crocosphaera watsonii. PNAS, doi 10.1073/pnas.1006943108. link

Omta, A. W., S. Dutkiewicz, and M. J. Follows (2011), Dependence of the ocean-atmosphere partitioning of carbon on temperature and alkalinity, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 25, GB1003, doi:10.1029/2010GB003839.

Follows, M.J. and S. Dutkiewicz (2011) Modeling diverse communities of marine microbes. Ann. Rev. Marine Sci., 3, 427-451. pdf

Monteiro, F., M.J. Follows and S. Dutkiewicz (2010) Distribution of diverse nitrogen fixers in the global ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, GB3017, doi:10.1029/2009GB003731 pdf

McGuire, A.D., D.J.Hayes, D.W.Kicklighter, M.Manizza, Q.Zhuang, M.Chen, M.J.Follows, K.R.Gurney, J.W.McClelland, J.M.Melillo, B.J.Peterson and R.G.Prinn (2010) An analysis of the carbon balance of the Arctic Basin from 1997 to 2006. Tellus, DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2010.00497.x pdf

Barton, A.D, S. Dutkiewicz, J. Bragg, G. Flierl and M.J. Follows (2010) Patterns of marine phytoplankton diversity. Science, 327, 1509-1511, DOI: 10.1126/science.1184961 Link to abstract

Barton, A.D., S. Dutkiewicz, G. Flierl, J. Bragg and M.J. Follows (2010) Response to Comment on "Patterns of Diversity in Marine Phytoplankton" Science, 329(5991), 512, DOI: 10.1126/science.1190048 Link to abstract

Omta, A.-W., P.A. Goodwin and M.J. Follows (2010) Multiple regimes of air-sea carbon partitioning identified from constant-alkalinity buffer factors. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 24, GB3008, doi:10.1029/2009GB003726. pdf

Goebel, N., C.A. Edwards, J.P. Zehr and M.J. Follows (2010) An emergent community ecosystem model applied to the California Current System J. Marine Sys., 83, 221-241.

Hickman, A. E., S. Dutkiewicz, R. G. Williams and M. J. Follows (2010) Modelling the effects of chromatic adaptation on phytoplankton community structure in the oligotrophic ocean. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 406, 1-17 pdf

Bragg, J., S. Dutkiewicz, Oliver Jahn, M.J. Follows, and S.W. Chisholm (2010) Modeling selective pressures on phytoplankton in the global ocean. PLoS ONE 5(3): e9569. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0009569 pdf

Dutkiewicz, S., M. J. Follows, and J. G. Bragg (2009), Modeling the coupling of ocean ecology and biogeochemistry, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 23, GB4017, doi:10.1029/2008GB003405. pdf

Manizza, M., M. J. Follows, S. Dutkiewicz, J. W. McClelland, D. Menemenlis, C. N. Hill, A. Townsend-Small, B. J. Peterson (2009) Modeling transport and fate of riverine dissolved organic carbon in the Arctic Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, GB4006, doi:10.1029/2008GB003396 pdf

Monteiro, F., M. Follows (2009) On the interannual variability of nitrogen fixation in the subtropical gyres. J. Marine Res., 67, 1-20. pdf

Verdy, A., M. Follows and G. Flierl (2009) Evolution of phytoplankton cell size in an allometric model. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 379, 1-12 pdf

Goodwin, P., R.G. Williams, A. Ridgewell and M.J. Follows (2009) Climate sensitivity of the carbon cycle to past and future changes in ocean chemistry. Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/ngeo416 pdf

Cermeno, P., S. Dutkiewicz, R. Harris, M.J. Follows, O. Schofield, P. Falkowski (2008) The role of nutricline depth in regulating the ocean carbon cycle. PNAS 105(51), 20344-20349, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0811302106 pdf

Goodwin, P.A., M.J. Follows and R.G. Williams (2008) Analytical relationships between atmospheric carbon dioxide, carbon emissions and ocean processes. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 22, GB3030, doi:10.1029/2008GB003184 pdf

Marinov, I., A. Gnanadesikan, J. L. Sarmiento, J. R. Toggweiler, M. Follows, and B. K. Mignone (2008), Impact of oceanic circulation on biological carbon storage in the ocean and atmospheric pCO2, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 22, GB3007, doi:10.1029/2007GB002958. pdf

Marinov, I., M.Follows, A.Gnanadesikan, J.L.Sarmiento, and R.D.Slater (2008) How does ocean biology affect atmospheric pCO2? Theory and models J. Geophys. Res., 113, C07032, doi: 10.1029/2007JC004598. pdf

Berman-Frank, I., Y.-B. Chen, Y. Gao, K. Fennel, M.J. Follows, A. Milligan and P. Falkowski (2008) Feedbacks between the nitrogen, oxygen and carbon cycles. Chapter in Nitrogen in the Marine Environment , editors Capone, D. G., D. A. Bronk, M. R. Mulholland and E.J. Carpenter. Elsevier, pp. 1537-1557. pdf

Hansell, D., and M.J. Follows (2008) Nitrogen in the Atlantic Ocean. Chapter in Nitrogen in the Marine Environment , editors Capone, D. G., D. A. Bronk, M. R. Mulholland and E.J. Carpenter. Elsevier, pp. 597-623. pdf

Hood, R.A., E.A. Laws, M.J. Follows and D.A. Siegel (2007) Modeling and prediction of microbial populations in the genomic era. Oceanography, 20, 155-165. pdf

Follows, M.J., S. Dutkiewicz, S. Grant and S.W. Chisholm (2007) Emergent biogeography of microbial communities in a model ocean. Science, 315, 1843-1846, [DOI: 10.1126/science.1138544]: Link to abstract and link to full text.

Najjar, R.G., X. Jin, F. Louanchi, O. Aumont, K. Caldeira, S. C. Doney, J.-C. Dutay, M. Follows, N. Gruber, F. Joos, K. Lindsay, E. Maier-Reimer, R. J. Matear, K. Matsumoto, P. Monfray, A. Mouchet, J. C. Orr, G. K. Plattner, J. L. Sarmiento, R. Schlitzer, M. F. Weirig, Y. Yamanaka and A. Yool (2007) Impact of circulation on export production, dissolved organic matter and dissolved oxygen in the ocean: Results from OCMIP2. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 21, GB3007, doi:10.1029/2006GB002857. pdf

Boyd, P.W., T. Jickells, C.S. Law, S. Blain, E.A. Boyle, K.O. Buesseler, K.H. Coale, J.J. Cullen, H.J.W. de Baar, M.J. Follows, M. Harvey, C. Lancelot, M. Levasseur, R. Pollard, R.B. Rivkin, J. Sarmiento, V. Schoemann, V. Smetacek, S. Takeda, A. Tsuda, S. Turner, A.J. Watson (2007) A synthesis of mesoscale iron-enrichment experiments 1993-2005: key findings and implications for ocean biogeochemistry. Science, 315: 612-617 [DOI: 10.1126/science.1131669].

Verdy, A., S. Dutkiewicz, M. J. Follows, J. Marshall, and A. Czaja (2007), Carbon dioxide and oxygen fluxes in the Southern Ocean: Mechanisms of interannual variability, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 21, GB2020, doi:10.1029/2006GB002916. pdf

Goodwin, P., R.G. Williams, M.J. Follows and S. Dutkiewicz (2007) The ocean-atmosphere partitioning of anthropogenic carbon dioxide on centennial timescales. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 21, GB1014, doi:10.1029/2006GB002810. pdf

Friis, K., R. G. Najjar, M. J. Follows, S. Dutkiewicz, A. Koertzinger, K. . Johnson (2007) Dissolution of calcium carbonate: observations and model results in the North Atlantic, Biogeosciences, 4, 205-213. pdf

Mikaloff Fletcher, S.E., N.P. Gruber, A.R. Jacobson, M. Gloor, S.C. Doney, S. Dutkiewicz, M.J. Follows, F. Joos, K. Lindsay, D. Menemenlis, A. Mouchet, S.A. Miller and J. Sarmiento (2007) Inverse estimates of the oceanic sources and sinks of natural CO2 and their implied oceanic transport. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 21, GB1010 10.1029/2006GB002751 pdf

Friis, K., R. G. Najjar, M. J. Follows, and S. Dutkiewicz (2006). Possible overestimation of shallow-depth calcium carbonate dissolution in the ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 20, GB4019, doi:10.1029/2006GB002727 pdf

Parekh, P., S. Dutkiewicz, M.J. Follows and T. Ito (2006) Physical and biological regulation of the soft tissue carbon pump. Paleoceanography, 21, PA3001, doi:10.1029/2005PA001258. pdf

Parekh, P., S. Dutkiewicz, M.J. Follows and T. Ito (2006) Atmospheric carbon dioxide in a less dusty world. Geophys Res. Lett., 33, L03610, doi:10.1029/2005GL025098. pdf

Mikaloff Fletcher, S.E., N.P. Gruber, A.R. Jacobson, S.C. Doney, S. Dutkiewicz, M.J. Follows, K. Lindsay, D. Menemenlis, A. Mouchet and J. Sarmiento (2006). Robust Estimates of Anthropogenic Carbon Uptake, Transport, and Storage by the Ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycles. 20 GB2002 10.1029/2005GB002530 pdf

Rothstein, L.M., J.J. Cullen, M. Abbott, E.P.Chassignet, K. Denman, S.C. Doney, H. Ducklow, K. Fennel, M. Follows, D. Haidvogel, E. Hoffman, D.M. Karl, J. Kindle, I. Lima, M. Maltrud, C. McClain, D. McGillicuddy, M.J. Olascoaga, Y. Spitz, J. Wiggert and J. Yoder (2006) Modeling Ocean Ecosystems: The PARADIGM Program. Oceanography, 19, 22-51. pdf

Dutkiewicz, S., P. Heimbach, M.J. Follows and J.C. Marshall (2006) Controls on ocean productivity and air-sea carbon flux: an adjoint model sensitivity study. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33(2), L02603, 10.1029/2005GL024987 pdf

Williams, R.G., V. Roussenov and M.J. Follows (2006) Induction of nutrients into the mixed layer and maintenance of high latitude productivity. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 20, GB1016, doi:10.1029/2005GB002586. pdf

Follows, M.J., S. Dutkiewicz, and T. Ito (2006) On the solution of the carbonate system in ocean biogeochemistry models. Ocean Modelling, 12, 290-301. pdf

Fennel, K., M.J. Follows, and P. Falkowski (2005) The co-evolution of the nitrogen, carbon and oxygen cycles in the Proterozoic ocean. American Journal of Science, 305, 526-545. pdf

Ito, T., P. Parekh, S. Dutkiewicz and M.J. Follows (2005) The Antarctic Circumpolar Productivity Belt. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32(13), L13604, 10.1029/2005GL023021 pdf

Parekh, P., M.J. Follows, and E.A. Boyle (2005) Decoupling of iron and phosphate in the global ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycles. 19, GB2020, 10.1029/2004GB002280 pdf

Ito, T., and M.J. Follows (2005) Preformed phosphate, soft tissue pump and atmospheric CO2. J. Marine Res., 63(4), 813-839, DOI: 10.1357/0022240054663231 pdf

Dutkiewicz, S.W., P. Parekh, T. Ito and M.J. Follows (2005) Interactions of the iron and phosphorus cycles: A modelling study. Global Biogeochem. Cycles. 19, GB1021, doi:10.1029/2004GB002342 pdf

Ito, T., M.J. Follows and E.A. Boyle (2004) Is AOU a good measure of respiration in the oceans? Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L17305, doi:10.1029/2004GL020900. pdf

Parekh, P., M.J. Follows, and E.A. Boyle (2004a) Modeling the global ocean iron cycle. Global Biogeochem. Cycles., 18, GB1002, doi:10.1029/2003GB002061 pdf

Ito, T., J.C. Marshall and M.J. Follows (2004) What controls the uptake of transient tracers in the Southern Ocean? Global Biogeochem. Cycles., 18, GB2021, doi:10.1029/2003GB002103 pdf

Roussenov, V., R.G. Williams, M.J. Follows and R.M. Key (2004) The role of bottom water transport and diapycnic mixing in determining the radiocarbon distribution in the Pacific. J. Geophys. Res. 109(C6), C06015, doi: 10.1029/2003JC002188. pdf

Follows, M.J. and R.G.Williams (2004) Mechanisms controlling the air-sea flux of CO2 in the North Atlantic. In "The Ocean Carbon Cycle and Climate", NATO-ASI volume, Kluwer. eds. M.J. Follows and T. Oguz. pdf

McKinley, G., M.J. Follows and J.C. Marshall (2004) Mechanisms of air-sea CO2 flux variability in the Equatorial Pacific and the North Atlantic. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 18, doi:10.1029/2003GB002179 pdf

S.C. Doney, K. Lindsay, K. Caldeira, J.-M. Campin, H. Drange, J.-C. Dutay, M. Follows, Y. Gao, A. Gnanadesikan, N. Gruber, A. Ishida, F. Joos, G. Madec, E. Maier-Reimer, J.C. Marshall, R.J. Matear, P. Monfray, A. Mouchet, R. Najjar, J.C. Orr, G.-K. Plattner, J.L. Sarmiento, R. Schlitzer, R. Slater, I.J. Totterdell, M.-F. Weirig, Y. Yamanaka, A. Yool (2004) Evaluating global ocean carbon models: The importance of realistic physics, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 18, GB3017, doi:10.1029/2003GB002150. pdf

Matsumoto, K., J.L. Sarmiento, R.M. Key, O. Aumont, J.L. Bullister, K. Caldeira, J.-M. Campin, S.C. Doney, H. Drange, J.-C. Dutay, M. Follows, Y. Gao, A. Gnanadesikan, N. Gruber, A. Ishida, F. Joos, K. Lindsay, E. Maier-Reimer, J.C. Marshall, R.J. Matear, P. Monfray, R. Najjar, G.-K. Plattner, R. Schlitzer, R. Slater, P.S. Swathi, I.J. Totterdell, M.-F. Weirig, Y. Yamanaka, A. Yool, J.C. Orr (2004) Evaluation of ocean carbon cycle models with data-based metrics, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L07303, doi:10.1029/2003GL018970 pdf

Hill, C.N., V. Bugion, M.J. Follows and J.C. Marshall (2004) Evaluating carbon sequestration efficiency in an ocean model using adjoint sensitivity analysis. J. Geophys. Res., 109, C11005, doi:10.1029/2002JC001598. pdf

Ito, T., and M.J. Follows (2003) Upper ocean control on the solubility pump of CO2. J. Marine Res., 61, 465-489. pdf

Williams, R.G. and M.J. Follows (2003) Physical transport of nutrients and the maintenance of biological production, in Ocean Biogeochemistry, edited by M.Fasham, Springer-Verlag. pdf

McKinley, G., M.J. Follows, J.C. Marshall and S.-M. Fan (2003) Interannual variability of air-sea O2 fluxes and the determination of CO2 sinks using atmospheric O2/N2. Geophysical Research Letters, 30(3), 1101, 10.1029/2002GL016044. pdf

Follows, M.J., T. Ito and J. Marotzke (2002) The oceans subtropical gyres and atmospheric pCO2. Global Biogeochem. Cycles., 16, 1113, doi:10.1029/2001GB001786 pdf

Follows, M.J. and S.W. Dutkiewicz (2002) Meteorological modulation of the North Atlantic spring bloom. Deep-Sea Res. II, 49, 321-344. pdf

Zhang R., M.J. Follows and J.C. Marshall (2002) Mechanisms of thermohaline mode switching with application to warm equable climates. J. of Climate, Vol. 15, 2,056-2,072. pdf

Dutay, J.-C., J. Bullister, S. Doney, J. Orr, R. Najjar, K. Caldeira, J.-M. Champin, H. Drange, M. Follows, Y. Gao, N. Gruber, D. Hecht, A. Ishida, F. Joos, K. Lindsay, Madec, E. Maier-Reimer, J. Marshall, R. Matear, P. Monfray, Plattner, J. Sarmiento, R. Schlitzer, R. Slater, I. Totterdell, M.F. Weirig, Y. Yamanaka, , and A. Yool (2002) Evaluation of ocean model ventilation with CFC-11: Comparison of 13 global ocean models. Ocean Modelling, 4, 89-120. pdf

Gildor, H, and M.J. Follows (2002) Two-way interactions between ocean biota and climate mediated by biogeochemical cycles. Israel Journal of Chemistry, 42, 15-27.

Dutkiewicz, S.W., Follows, M.J., J.C. Marshall and W.W. Gregg (2001) Interannual variability of phytoplankton abundance in the North Atlantic. Deep-Sea Res. II., 48, 2323-2344. abstract, pdf

Zhang R., M.J. Follows, J. Grotzinger and J.C. Marshall (2001) Could the Late Permian, deep ocean have been Anoxic? Paleoceanography, 16, 317-329. pdf

McKinley, G., M.J. Follows and J.C. Marshall (2000) Interannual variability of oxygen fluxes in the North Atlantic. Geophys. Res. Lett.,27, 2933-2936. pdf

Williams, R.G., A. McLaren and M.J. Follows (2000) Interannual variability in the convective and Ekman supply of nitrate to the euphotic zone over the the North Atlantic. Global Biogeochem. Cycles., 14, 1299-1313. pdf

Follows, M.J., D. Stammer and C. Wunsch (1999) Ventilation of CFC-11 in a global ocean circulation model constrained by WOCE data. International WOCE Newsletter, 35, 3-5. abstract

Williams R.G., and M.J. Follows (1998) Estimating new production over the North Atlantic due to the climatological Ekman supply of nutrients. Deep-Sea Res. , 45, 461-489. pdf

Follows, M.J., R.G. Williams, and J.C. Marshall (1996) The solubility pump of carbon in the subtropical gyre of the North Atlantic. J. Marine Res., 54, 605-630. abstract

Follows, M.J. and J.C. Marshall (1996) On models of bomb 14C in the North Atlantic. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 22,577-22,582. abstract

Follows, M.J. and J.C. Marshall (1994) Eddy driven suduction at fronts. Ocean Modelling, 102, 5-9. pdf

Follows, M.J. (1992) A note on the cross-tropopause exchange of air. J. Atmos. Sci. 49 879-882

Follows, M.J. and J.F. Austin (1992) A zonal average model of the stratospheric contributions to the tropospheric ozone budget. J. Geophys. Res. 16,18,047-18,060 pdf

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